Investigating the influence of tool shape during FSW of aluminum alloy via CFD analysis
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This paper describes the application of the CFD code, Comsol Multiphysics, to modeling the 3-D metal flow in friction stir welding of AA 2024-T3 aluminum alloy in order to investigate the influence of tool shape over the metal flow. Heat transfer and non-Newtonian flow equations were solved simultaneously. The results from the benchmark experiments found in the literature were used for validation purposes. Scrolled shoulders and threaded pins were given as kinematic boundary conditions. This made the computational problem an easy one. A welding engineer can predict the metal flow around the tool with different scrolls and threads under any welding conditions without making expensive experiments. Investigation of the velocity field before actual welding can save a lot of engineering hours.