Three-parameter (3P) weibull distribution for characterization of strength of ceramics showing R-Curve behavior
MetadataShow full item record
Strength distribution of advanced ceramics is commonly characterized by two-Parameter (2P) Weibull distribution. However, deviation of strength distribution from 2P-Weibull distribution may occur in ceramics due to various mechanisms. R-curve behavior is one of these mechanisms where increase of fracture resistance with the extension of crack occurs. In such cases, 2P-Weibull distribution may not be the best fitting distribution function based on the goodness-of-fitness tests. This article examines the effectiveness of three-parameter (3P) Weibull distribution function for fitting the strength variation due to R-curve effect by using experimental and virtual strength data. The effect of Weibull parameters, degree of increase in crack resistance and number of samples on effectiveness of fitting via 3P-Weibull distribution is investigated. It is reported that 3P-Weibull distribution function fits the strength distribution better than 2P-Weibull distribution function for materials showing R-curve behavior when the crack resistance curve is steep and Weibull modulus is high. Furthermore, it is shown that at least 100 samples should be used for a reliable estimate when the material exhibits R-curve behavior.