Observation of Forward Neutron Multiplicity Dependence of Dimuon Acoplanarity in Ultraperipheral Pb-Pb Collisions at root S-NN=5.02 TeV
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KünyeSirunyan, A. M., Tumasyan, A., Adam, W., Bergauer, T., Dragicevic, M., Erö, J., ... & Guo, Q. (2021). Observation of Forward Neutron Multiplicity Dependence of Dimuon Acoplanarity in Ultraperipheral Pb-Pb Collisions at s N N= 5.02 TeV. Physical review letters, 127(12), 122001, p.1-19.
The first measurement of the dependence of gamma gamma -> mu(+)mu(-) production on the multiplicity of neutrons emitted very close to the beam direction in ultraperipheral heavy ion collisions is reported. Data for lead-lead interactions at root S-NN = 5.02 TeV, with an integrated luminosity of approximately 1.5 nb(-1), are collected using the CMS detector at the LHC. The azimuthal correlations between the two muons in the invariant mass region 8 < m(mu mu) < 60 GeV are extracted for events including 0, 1, or at least 2 neutrons detected in the forward pseudorapidity range vertical bar eta vertical bar > 8.3. The back-to-back correlation structure from leading-order photon-photon scattering is found to be significantly broader for events with a larger number of emitted neutrons from each nucleus, corresponding to interactions with a smaller impact parameter. This observation provides a data-driven demonstration that the average transverse momentum of photons emitted from relativistic heavy ions has an impact parameter dependence. These results provide new constraints on models of photon-induced interactions in ultraperipheral collisions. They also provide a baseline to search for possible final-state effects on lepton pairs caused by traversing a quark-gluon plasma produced in hadronic heavy ion collisions.