Effect of flow rate on wetting and optical properties of electrospun poly(vinyl acetate) micro-fibers
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In this work, extremely hydrophobic micro-fibers from polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) were obtained by changing the flow rate of the solution in electrospinning process. Surface morphologies and wettability of the fiber surfaces were strongly affected from the flow rate of the electrospinning solutions; it was found that with the increase of flow rates from 2 to 5mL/h, the diameters of the fibers have shown an increase from 3.22 to 4.75m, and also water contact angle (CA) values were increased up to 146 degrees. Equilibrium ((e)) and advancing ((a)) CA results showed us that fiber surfaces become extremely hydrophobic in the case of 4mL/h and 5mL/h solution flow rates and CA values were measured 148 degrees and 161 degrees, respectively. Increase in flow rates has changed the optical transmittance values; PVAc fibers have shown lower light transmittance and poor transparency at higher flow rates. When flow rates were increased from 2 to 5mL/h, the transmittance values have shown a decrease from 3 to 0.25% and 2.5 to 0.25%, at 400nm and 700nm, respectively.