Adaptive multichannel sequential lattice prediction filtering method for ARMA spectrum estimation in subbands
AuthorÖzden, Mehmet Tahir
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A multichannel characterization for autoregressive moving average (ARMA) spectrum estimation in subbands is considered in this article. The fullband ARMA spectrum estimation can be realized in two-channels as a special form of this characterization. A complete orthogonalization of input multichannel data is accomplished using a modified form of sequential processing multichannel lattice stages. Matrix operations are avoided, only scalar operations are used, and a multichannel ARMA prediction filter with a highly modular and suitable structure for VLSI implementations is achieved. Lattice reflection coefficients for autoregressive (AR) and moving average (MA) parts are simultaneously computed. These coefficients are then converted to process parameters using a newly developed Levinson-Durbin type multichannel conversion algorithm. Hence, a novel method for spectrum estimation in subbands as well as in fullband is developed. The computational complexity is given in terms of model order parameters, and comparisons with the complexities of nonparametric methods are provided. In addition, the performance is visually and statistically compared against those of the nonparametric methods under both stationary and nonstationary conditions.